Intelligent Network (IN) is a telephone network
architecture, which was created by Bell Communications Research (Bellcore). In
Intelligent Network, the service logic for a call is positioned independently
from the switching facilities, which allows services to be added or altered
without having to restructure switching equipment. IN is often termed as a
service-specific architecture, which means a certain segment of a dialed phone
number, such as 800 or 900, prompts a request for a definite service. IN has
been evolving since its inception.Its later
version Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) introduced the notion
of a service-independent architecture. It allowed a given portion of a
telephone number to be deduced differently by diverse services based on factors
like time of day, caller identity and type of call among other things. AIN made
it easy to implement new services without having to mount new phone equipment.
The International telecommunication Union has three
sectors and one of them is ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector
(ITU-T). ITU-T manages standards and protocols for telecommunications. The
Intelligent Network is the standard network architecture identified in the
ITU-T Q.1200 series recommendations. The IN is proposed for both, fixed and
mobile telecom networks. It permits operators to distinguish themselves by
offering value-added services over and above the typical telecom services like
Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN), ISDN (Integrated Services Digital
Network) and Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) services on mobile
In Intelligent Network, the network nodes on the
service layer provide the intelligence as opposed to solutions centered on
intelligence in the primary switches or telephone devices. The service layer is
different from the switching layer of the core network. Typically, the IN
nodules are held by telecommunication operators or service providers.
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